Sometimes spills and stains prove to be really hard to remove if not cleaned immediately. Here are our tips on how to deal with some of the most annoying soils.

How to Clean a Rug

For small and not heavy rugs, the best way to clean them is to shake them well and then vacuum the room to remove the dust. We recommend this to be done when cleaning the whole flat/house as this will guarantee the removal of dust.

You can still vacuum the small rugs, which is the recommended method for cleaning medium sized and big rugs. The easiest way to do that is to flip over half of the rug, vacuum well the bottom part as well as the floor underneath. Repeat with the other part, then spread the rug in its original position and vacuum well the top of it.

London Cleaning Agency's Regular Domestic Cleaning service includes the cleaning of rugs each time, ensuring that you home is left clean and tidy after our operatives have visited.

Our One-off Domestic cleaning services include the above Rug cleaning too, although you may find it beneficial to book our steam or dry Rug cleaning service.

How to Clean Sofas and Armchairs

Fabric Sofa and Armchair

First you need to remove all cushions and lay them on a clean surface.
Now you have the base of the sofa, which should be vacuumed either with the special small attachment for fabric covered items or, if it is missing or your vacuum cleaner did not come with one, you can use the regular attachment, setting it on carpet cleaning so you don't damage the fabric.

Using just the pipe, without attachments, pay special attention on the corners and also make sure to deep clean the sofa base, checking for long lost items. You might even find enough money for a coffee or two, with the lost coins hiding in the creases.

Vacuum the big cushions on the same settings and buff well all of them. Arrange back on the sofa and enjoy.

The same way of cleaning could be applied for armchairs. If the cushions cannot be removed, use just the vacuum cleaner.

Our cleaners always perform this task on end of tenancy cleaning or as part of our spring cleaning service. For regular cleaning of your sofas and armchairs, book London Cleaning Agency's regular cleaning services.

Leather Sofas and Armchairs

You can use detergents for leather furniture but you have to follow closely the manufacturer instructions.
If you'd rather not use chemicals, here is our method for regular cleaning.

As with the fabric sofas, you need to remove the cushions first.

Vacuum well the fabric parts of the sofa and then wipe well the leather covered surfaces with damp (not wet or dripping) microfiber cloth, immediately followed with a dry one for polished look.
Repeat with the cushions and arrange them back on the sofa.

The above described Sofa and Armchair cleaning is included in our regular cleaning services as well as it is a part of the end of tenancy and spring cleaning services.

You can also book Upholstery cleaning from London Cleaning Agency, where special detergents and machines are involved in the process of cleaning (deep cleaning).

How to Clean Wax from Candleholders

London Cleaning Agency has included candleholders cleaning in its regular cleaning services and one-off cleaning services upon request from our clients.

The easiest way to clean a candleholder is to pour boiling hot water over it if the material it is made of allows it and could withstand it.

This method is suitable for glass, brass and iron candleholders but not for wooden unpolished ones.
Silver plated and silver candleholders could also be cleaned with the above method but with utter care and only after reading carefully regular cleaning instructions for the particular item.

After cleaning silver or silver plated candleholders with hot water, they must be immediately dried and polished with a detergent specifically designed for this.

Our cleaners have been trained in finding the best solution for the different types of candleholders and this task would normally be included in our regular cleaning service as long as the client specifies this as a request.

How to Clean a Living/Sitting Room

The living room (lounge) is the most central place in a home. Whether you live in a house or a flat, this is the place you sit with your family and friends, chatting, playing, eating, working from home.
That is why the sitting room needs a lot of attention when it comes to cleaning.

The frequency of cleaning of the living room depends on whether you have the habit of eating in there – in this case cleaning surfaces and vacuuming the floor twice a week would be good a good idea, as food particles attract mice and cockroaches and are the perfect hosts for many types of bacteria. The cleaning of the table with antibacterial detergent is essential after each meal. Also make sure to clean your desk and especially keyboard if you eat while working on the computer.

To have a really good clean of the living room, you can book London Cleaning Agency’s cleaning services, or do it yourself.

You’ll need furniture polishing spray, window/glass cleaner, microfiber cloth and cotton dusters, hoover and mop with a suitable for your type of floor cleaning detergent, step ladder, sponge and washing liquid.

Start with dusting well all surfaces, if you haven’t done that in a really long time, you may vacuum the window ledges, skirting boards and curtains/blinds first, carefully not to damage them, using the proper vacuum cleaner attachment. Clean the cobwebs, using again the hoover.
Dust and polish – where necessary, all furniture, fixtures (including chandeliers), window and picture frames, sculptures.

Then clean the windows – first the frames. Use a step ladder if the highest parts of the windows are out of reach.
If the window frames and ledges are wooden, you could use the furniture polish, if this is not efficient, clean them with soapy water with non scratching sponge, dry well and polish.
For PVC window frames, again use soapy water or non abrasive bathroom cleaner, applying with a sponge and dry well after cleaned.
Metal window frames which haven’t been painted over could be cleaned with soapy water and sponge and must be very well dried after cleaning.
When there is mould on windows and frames, try with sponge, soaked in soapy water, scrubbing well. If this isn’t helping, you can clean with a small quantity of bleach. Be extremely cautious when using bleach, use gloves and mask with filters. Make sure to clean with bleach only when there really is no other option as using this detergent often makes the paint or PVS surfaces to get yellow with time.
The easiest way to clean the windows is with glass cleaner and microfiber cloth. If you’d like them particularly shiny, clean them with cloth, soaked in soapy water and polish them with rumpled newspaper sheets, the ink from the pages helps to achieve incredible results.

After the dust, spider nets and windows are cleaned, do the upholstered furniture.
Fabric covered sofas and chairs should be vacuumed, including underneath the cushions.
Leather covered furniture could be cleaned with special leather wipes or using other appropriate detergents. The other option is to clean the surfaces with damp microfiber cloth and, again, vacuum well under the cushions.

Vacuum the floor, moving the furniture pieces to clean behind and underneath them, also underneath and the top of rugs (if you have any).

Wash the floor with appropriate detergent. For wooden floors use cleaning solutions with special cleaners and hot or lukewarm water.
For laminate floors, you can only use very hot water with all purpose floor cleaner, do not use detergents for wooden floors, as they contain waxes which over the time will create coating that will be difficult to clean. The wood absorbs this waxes but not the laminate floors.
If there are scuff marks on the floor, try pushing harder with the mop and after a couple of wipes it should be cleaned. If persistent, use an all purpose sponge soaked in soapy water, rubbing the mark gently and then wash again with mop.

Allow the floor to dry and enjoy your clean living room.

If all this sounds like a hard work, don’t hesitate to use our domestic cleaning services in London.

How to Clean Kitchen Surfaces and Kitchen Worktops

There are a few standard types of materials used for the make of kitchen worktops and for the cover of the kitchen walls. They are all easy to clean from the grease although some of them can be badly damaged around the sink if the water is not cleaned immediately after use, due to the limestone contained in the water. If the kitchen surfaces are damaged, there are not cleaning materials that can repair them and you'll have to use the service of a restoration company.

The best you can do is to clean the kitchen worktops after each use or at least clean them daily. This way it won't take a long time and you can use a damp moppet and just a drop of washing liquid to remove the marks and then dry the cleaned work areas.

Granite kitchen worktops:This material is widely used in the kitchen as it is stain resistant and durable. The granite is also very easy to clean. Don't use scratchy sponges when cleaning it, only a damp moppet or a cloth, with a drop of washing liquid, if necessary. You can also use an industrial granite surface cleaner but make sure to clean well with damp cloth and then dry the surface, especially if you have small children.

Ceramic tiles kitchen surfaces and walls: Stains on ceramic tiles could easily be cleaned with a kitchen cleaner. Spray the surfaces with the cleaner and leave it to work for a few minutes to loosen the grease. Very gently as to not damage the surface, clean with a sponge, wipe well with a damp cloth and wipe dry the ceramic worktops. The grouting between the ceramic tiles could be cleaned with bleach solution, one part bleach to three parts water. Apply to the areas and use a toothbrush to scrub well. Clean with water and wipe with a dry cloth.

Stainless steel kitchen surfaces: You can use an industrial stainless steel cleaner, following the instructions on the package. The other way of cleaning is with a non-scratching sponge, moistened with a bit of washing liquid and warm water. After stains and marks have been removed, wipe dry with a microfiber cloth. For polishing the surface, apply a little baby oil with a dry clean cloth and spread evenly over the surface.

Laminate kitchen worktops: Grease, stains and marks can be cleaned with kitchen cleaner. Spray all over the surfaces, let the cleaner work for a few minutes, scrub with non-scratching sponge and clean with a damp cloth. For stubborn stains you can use a bleach solution of one part thick bleach and three parts warm water. Rinse with water and wipe with a dry cloth.

Solid wood kitchen worktops: These kitchen surfaces require regular oiling otherwise the wood soaks up the water and as a result swells and falls apart. For oiling use your chosen type of oil, following the manufacturer's instructions.
Spills on hardwood kitchen worktops should be removed immediately or they would damage the wood permanently or at least will be very difficult to clean. Hard scrubbing with a cloth moistened with water and washing liquid should clean the wooden kitchen worktops well, if they haven't been marked with spills which cannot be removed.

Plastic kitchen surfaces: Very easy to clean, only with a damp moppet or microfiber cloth. If necessary, add a drop of washing liquid. For stubborn stains from red wine or coffee on white plastic kitchen worktops, use bleach solution made of one part thick bleach and three parts water, rinse well and wipe dry. Do not use scratching sponges or scourers as they damage the kitchen surfaces.

How to Clean an Oven

Cleaning the oven after every use is the most sufficient way of keeping the grease away. It is not easy as we all know as it requires time to clean the grills, the bottom, the walls and the oven door. But, although time consuming, it will save you from having to scrub hard if you postpone the cleaning for a long time and, also, using toxic cleaning materials.

When the oven hasn't been cleaned for some time, the grease dries up and sticks all over the oven shelves, grilles and surfaces.

There are two ways of cleaning the scorched grease.

Mix bicarbonate of soda with a bit of water, forming a thick paste and apply all over inside the oven. Leave the cleaner in the oven overnight and scrub well with water and a scourer on the next day. Clean the residue with a damp cloth and polish well with a microfiber cloth.

The other cleaning method includes the use of industrial oven cleaner or a home prepared of ammonia bleach and water. You must use a face mask and rubber gloves as both oven cleaners are extremely violent and may affect your lungs, rhinopharynx and nose. Spray all over the inside of the oven and leave for at least an hour. Take out the shelves and grilles, scrub well with a metal scourer. Clean the oven in the same way. If the grease is difficult to remove, repeat the procedure. Clean well the residue with a damp cloth and polish the oven dry.

Important: Make sure that other persons and pets are not around when cleaning the oven with toxic chemicals as it may affect and endanger their health.

How to Clean Venetian Blinds

Cleaning venetian blinds is time consuming as attention needs to be paid to each slat individually.

If you clean the blinds every week there won't be a need to wash them and the cleaning itself will take shorter time. This could be done by vacuuming them on both sides to prevent the dust building up, using the soft brush attachment of the vacuum cleaner. The other way of cleaning the dust of venetian blinds is to use a fluffy duster, brushing the surfaces of the slats on both sides.

Once a month, the venetian blinds can use a bit of refreshing. For metal and plastic blinds, use a damp, almost dry cotton glove or a sock, gently run it over every slat, from one side to the other, covering both sides of the slats. For wooden venetian blinds apply the same procedure with furniture polish.

If the venetian blinds are very dirty, cleaning them using the above methods will take a really long time as the dust smudges over the surfaces and you will have to clean each slat a few times until clean.
In this case you can wash the metal and plastic venetian blinds in the bath tub. Mix washing up liquid with warm water, enough to cover well the blinds when you lay them in the tub. Leave to soak for about 15 minutes then rub the slats gently with a soft cloth, be careful not to cut your fingers. Once the blinds are cleaned, empty the bath tub of the dirty water and rinse them well. Hang the venetians to dry on a washing line and assemble them back on the windows/doors when they are dry.

How to Deep Clean a Kitchen

Cleaning a kitchen is even harder then cleaning a bathroom. With all kitchen appliances, crockery and cutlery, oven and cooker, fridge and freezer - especially when full, and with all the food and spices in the cupboards, it is indeed a really time consuming task. When the kitchen has only been sporadically cleaned, it will take even longer but following a few simple steps will help you to concentrate and finish the cleaning faster.

First you will need to have proper Cleaning Detergents and Cleaning Equipment:

Kitchen cleaner, Oven cleaner, Dishwashing detergent - regular liquid and/or dishwasher tablets/liquid, Limescale remover, Fridge cleaner, Discaling powder
Sponges, Scrubbers, Microfiber and Cotton cloths, Kitchen paper towels
Rubber gloves - necessary as the kitchen, limescale remover and especially the oven cleaners are very strong detergents.

Vacuum cleaner, mop/bucket and floor washing detergent, step ladder or a chair

Once you have the cleaning materials and the cleaning equipment ready, you can start cleaning the kitchen.

Step 1

Collect all dirty cutlery and crockery, clean them from left-overs and soak them in the sink with hot water and washing liquid. Make sure to have cleared well the plates, bowls and pans from food and will not clog the sink. Wait until well soaked then wash them, either in the dishwasher or with hands.

If there are burnt pans, pots and baking tins, scour as much as you can with a scrubber then rinse and apply oven cleaner. Leave for a while and scrub with the scourer until clean and then wash the whole pan/pot/baking tray as normal. If the pots, pans and baking trays don't fit in the sink, fill them with hot soapy water.

In the meantime, between soaking and washing, clean the kitchen worktops well enough to be able to place the clean items on a towel, once you have dried them with a kitchen cloth, if you don't use a dishwasher.

Step 2

Take out all cutlery and crockery from the kitchen cupboards and drawers. One by one, spray inside the cupboards and drawers with the Kitchen cleaner, leave it to work for a minute or longer then wipe well with a damp cloth and dry. If necessary, scrub the marks with a sponge - kitchen grease is very sticky and hard to remove. Once the kitchen drawers and cupboards containing cutlery and crockery are clean, place them back to make room for the items from the fridge and the other cupboards. Repeat with all other cupboards, one by one, disposing of expired date food, spices and detergents.

In the meantime, apply the oven cleaner inside the oven, covering the door, the sides and the back and also the metal grilles. Disassemble the hobs, take off the cooker's grills and place inside the oven, spray over with oven cleaner. All oven cleaners need time to work, leave for at least half an hour.

Step 3

Turn of the fridge and take out all food. Spray and scrub the inside and doors, wipe dry. Glass partitions and plastic baskets could be washed in the sink, dried and placed back in the fridge. The same procedure can be applied to the freezer, once it is defrosted. Make sure there is no food left out while you are cleaning the freezer as it will be spoiled if left for more than 20 minutes outside, especially meat.

Dispose of expired date food.

Step 4

Now that the inside of the kitchen cupboards, drawers and the fridge and freezer are clean and cutlery, crockery and food have been tidied, it is time to pay attention to the outside of the cupboards and the kitchen appliances.

Using a step ladder or a chair, spray well the top of the cupboards and the top of the cooker with kitchen cleaner. Allow it to work for a few minutes. This area of the kitchen is usually neglected and needs a lot of attention. Grease and dust stick together and form glue like cover which is difficult to clean. You will have to scrub hard, wipe with a damp cloth and spray with the kitchen cleaner and scrub again until spotless. Wipe well with damp cloth and dry. Polish the metal parts of the cooker's top with window cleaner and dry microfiber cloth.

Spray the outside of the cupboards, drawers and tiles with kitchen cleaner and wipe with dry microfiber cloth. If necessary, scrub the difficult to clean deposits of grease with a sponge and wipe. Clean the cupboard doors ledges with a sponge moistened with kitchen cleaner and wipe clean. Repeat with the fridge and freezer doors.

Step 5

By now the oven cleaner must have helped to loosen the grease. Wearing rubber gloves and a face mask, scrub the grilles with metal scourer and rinse in the sink, dry and leave aside. Scrub well the inside of the oven and the door; be careful not to damage the glass on the door. If there are still grease deposits, spray again with the oven cleaner and leave for a while. Scrub again, wipe well with a damp cloth and dry. Place the grilles back.

The same procedure to be applied for the hobs, carefully as not to damage the cover.

The cooker has to be scrubbed with a non scratching sponge, wiped dry and polished to shine.

Assemble back the parts on the cooker.

Make sure no other people or pets are present at the time of cleaning of the oven as the detergents used release toxic fumes which could affect their health.

Step 6

Cleaning the kitchen appliances and kitchen worktops.

Microwave. Take out the rotating dish, wash and dry it, set aside. With a sponge moistened with kitchen cleaner or soapy water gently scrub all the stains from the inside and outside of the microwave, careful not to damage the finish and not to let the liquid go into the holes of the fan. Clean well with a damp cloth and polish with a dry cloth. Place back the parts.

Kettle. Follow the instructions on the discaling detergent. Clean the kettle with kitchen cleaner, wipe well with a damp cloth and finish by polishing it with a dry microfiber cloth.

Toaster. Remove crumbles collected at the bottom of the toaster, scrub it with a non scratching sponge to remove any stains, paying attention to all ledges, wipe and polish with a dry microfiber cloth.

Dishwasher. You can use any industrial cleaning detergent or sprinkle half a cup of baking soda at the bottom of the dishwasher and run a cycle when empty. Scrub and polish the machine from inside the door and outside.

Washing machine. Remove the washing machine drawer and soak it in a limescale removing detergent. Open the door and clean it from inside with a sponge and soapy water. Wipe and dry. Spray the outside of the washing machine with soapy water, scrub well, paying attention to the ledged and buttons, wipe with a damp cloth and dry. Scrub the drawer until free of limescale and rinse well, dry and put it back.

Clean the kitchen worktops with kitchen cleaner, using a non scratching sponge if necessary, wipe with a damp cloth and dry.

Step 7

With a damp cloth clean the table top and legs, removing all spillages, stains and drops, polish with a dry microfiber cloth. Apply the same procedure to the chairs.

Empty the bin. Spray inside and outside with kitchen cleaner, scrub well with a non scratching sponge, wipe with a damp cloth and dry/polish. Pay attention to the ledges where food is stuck. Refill with a new bin liner.

Step 8

Clean and polish windows and window sills and frames. You may need to scrub with a sponge moistened with soapy water to remove food particles from the surfaces.

The same applies to the skirting boards in the kitchen, sometime the spillages leave permanent marks, in this case you may consider repainting them.

Step 9

Cleaning the kitchen sink.

Mostly the kitchen sinks are made of light metal and you need to use limescale remover - spray the sink or apply the discaler with a sponge, leave it for a few minutes, scrub with a non scratching sponge, rinse well and dry.

For white plastic sinks you will have to use bleach, repeating the above procedure.

For vitreous china sinks simply wash with a sponge and soapy water, rinse and dry. Bleach or limescale remover could be used on certain areas as well but do not leave them for more than a minute before rinsing well.

Step 10

Vacuum or sweep the floor, depending on its type. Mop it with appropriate cleaning solution dissolved in very hot water.

At the end, don't forget that the regular cleaning of your kitchen will save you from having to spend hours in tackling the listed chores. A regular sized kitchen would take an average of 3 to 4 hours for a professional cleaner when the cupboards, drawers and fridge/freezer are full.

How to Clean Showers (Shower Cabins, Glass Partitions, Shower Heads)

Shower cabins and showers with glass partitions are not easy to keep clean. Limescale and soap scum build up over the time and there comes a point when the cleaning requires more than the regular bathroom cleaners.

The glass shower doors or partitions can be cleaned with white vinegar, applied with a non scratching sponge with circular motions for a few minutes. Make sure to cover the entire area and also the frames of the shower doors or partitions. Rinse with hot water and wipe dry. For stubborn hard-water deposits and soap grime, repeat the cleaning procedure.

For cleaning of tiled walls, use white vinegar too but first rinse the walls with very hot water, it will help to ease the dirt and make it easier to clean. If vinegar only does not clean the tiled walls, mix a half cup of vinegar, quarter cup of baking soda and one cup clear ammonia in a gallon of water and soak the walls with the mixture, applying with a non scratching sponge. Keep applying for a few minutes then rinse well with clean hot water and wipe dry.

To deep clean a metal shower head, you have to take it off the main appliance and disassemble it. Soak the parts in a bowl with white vinegar and let it in until the limescale has cleared. Use a toothbrush to clean the limescale and grime, also a toothpick if you want to clean the holes. A toothbrush will not damage the surface of the shower head as a sponge might do.

The easiest way to keep the shower cabins or the glass shower partitions clean is the daily care. You can either use an industrial daily shower cleaner, squeegee to wipe down the water or wipe dry the surfaces.

How to Clean with Baking Soda

For ecological, free of dangerous chemicals, cleaning you can easily use baking soda, which is efficient for a number of items and areas in your home.

When mixed with water, vinegar or lemon juice, it forms a gentle abrasive texture that can be used to remove various types of stains, as from coffee and tea and it also does wonders with stainless steel and silver items. Rub the paste gently on to the stain, wash and polish. For silver items, clean the whole surface, wash and polish with a dry cotton or microfiber cloth.
With baking soda you can also remove marks from walls, simply rubbing very carefully with a damp non-scratching sponge powdered with baking soda.

Baking soda is also very good neutraliser and absorber of odours. It can easily remove the smell from a fridge, freezer or a dishwasher. 

For best results with cleaning the dishwasher simply sprinkle half a coffee cup of baking soda on the bottom between washings, repeat until the smell is gone.
For refrigerators and freezers - defrost before cleaning with a paste of baking soda and either water, lemon juice or vinegar. Dry well after cleaning with the paste fallowed with clean water.

Baking soda can also be used to neutralize the smell from pets on carpets or fabric covered furniture. Wait for 15 to 20 minutes after sprinkling the stains (or the whole carpeted areas) with soda then vacuum well.

How to Clean Laminate and Vinyl floors

Laminate and vinyl floors are very easy to clean. Normally just vacuuming with the soft brush attachment and washing with a mop and hot water is enough. Using floor cleaning detergents may lead to the discolouring of the laminate and vinyl floors finish, only use products specifically designed for these types of flooring. Never use abrasive cleaning products such as steel wool or anything that may scratch the floor surface.

However, the vinyl absorbs chemical based paints such as ink and marker dye quickly. Such marks must be cleaned immediately to prevent permanent damagess. If nothing else helps, use a very small drop of thick bleach, scrub with a soft brush and clean well immediately with a damp cloth, then dry. The cleaning must be done very carefully as not to scratch the surface of the floor. The same could be used on a laminate floor.

Cleaning with a soft brush and washing liquid should be tried beforehand as it is likely that the stain will come off just with this procedure. Wash the stained part with washing liquid and water, then wipe well with a damp cloth and dry.

How to Clean Tile Floors

Tiled floors are probably the easiest to clean, especially because they don't absorb grease and liquids, which is the problem with hardwood flooring. The coating of the tiles allows them to be cleaned with water and then left to dry on their own.

The best way to clean tile floors is with floor washing liquid and very hot water (the hotter, the better, kettle boiled and immediately used water will help to clean the floors easier). Even candle wax could be removed with hot water.

Washing of the tiled floors should be finished with a mop with clean water as the washing liquid, if not thoroughly cleaned, may sometimes cause dust and grime to stick to the floor.

For difficult to remove stains use a soft brush with concentrate floor washing liquid, and clean thoroughly with damp cloth or a mop after. Be careful not to use abrasive sponges as this could damage the tiles surface coating.

The grout parting between tiles is normally the most affected and difficult for cleaning. Use a toothbrush with concentrate floor washing liquid, remove the dirt with a damp cloth and wash the entire tiled floor with hot (boiled) water only.

How to Clean Hardwood floors

The most important thing with hardwood floors, as with any type of floors, is the regular cleaning. Hardwood floors are quite sensitive and apprehensive towards abrasives, it is vital to keep the surface clean of anything that could scratch it such as debris and grit, and also make sure furniture is not constantly moved around without protection for the floor.

Hardwood floors absorb liquids very fast especially when not covered with protective coating. Any spilled liquids must be removed immediately with a dry cloth to prevent a permanent damage. If cleaning with water is necessary, make sure to use the smallest amount possible and always finish the cleaning of the floor with a dry cloth.

Vacuum or sweep the hardwood floors at least once a week and mop thoroughly with a damp (not wet) mop or with a damp cloth, drying the surface afterwards.

How to Clean Bathroom Surfaces and Mirrors

Bathroom surfaces have to withstand everyday humidity as well as splashes of soapy water, toothpaste, mouthwash, hairspray, aromatic oils. That is why they are usually made of ceramic tile, cultured granite or marble and walls are covered with waterproof paint. All these materials are easy to clean only with damp cloth. For better result the cleaned areas should be well dried afterwards.

If water is not enough, use a bathroom cleaner (non-abrasive type) with a non-scratching sponge, wipe well with damp cloth and dry.

If limescale has accumulated on the surfaces around the basins and baths, moisten a non-scratching sponge with limescale cleaner, work on the area for a short time, wash well with water and dry the surface. Do not allow the cleaner to stay on the surface for long time as it might damage the enamel. Always check the instructions on the cleaning detergent’s label.

For bathroom mirrors you can always use a glass cleaner from the supermarket. If eco cleaning products are what you prefer to clean with, than you can mix vinegar with warm water. Wipe the mirrors with a cloth moistened with the solution until the marks are removed and buff with a fluff-free cloth or kitchen paper. You can also use rumpled newspaper as it polishes glass surfaces perfectly although it takes more time and effort.

How to Clean a Toilet

Most toilet bowls are made of vitreous china and easy to clean even with simple cleaning detergents sold in the supermarkets.

For toilets that that are only dirty, we recommend thick chlorine bleach to be poured in the bowl, covering well underneath the edge. Leave it to work for a few minutes. Scrub well with toilet brush and then flush the water. Make sure you wear protective gloves and mask (if necessary) to avoid poisoning by inhaling toxic gases as the cleaning bleach releases them. Under no circumstances ever mix the bleach with other cleaning materials as the combination would produce even stronger toxic gases because it is ammonia-based.

Do not use any abrasive cleaning products as they damage the surface and allow dirt to stick easier.

When there is accumulated limescale, the bleach will not work. It will only clean the dirt but the main problem remains. In this case we suggest you use cleaning products that remove limescale. Use the detergent to cover every inch from the inside of the toilet bowl, including underneath the edge. Leave it to work for several minutes, scrub well with the toilet brush and flush. In cases where the limescale is severe, repeat the procedure. You may have to be ready to scrub it with hand, using a sponge. Always wear gloves and a protection mask.

We advise you to use toilet paper and a bathroom cleaner for the cleaning of the lid and underneath the toilet bowl. This way all the germs will be flashed down after you finish. If you use a cleaning cloth make sure it is well washed before you clean with it again, or, the better option, dispose of it.

How to Clean a Bathtub

We recommend that bathtubs are cleaned at least once a week to prevent or limit the appearance of limescale and mould.
You need to first find out what kind of material your bathtub is made of and use the appropriate detergents. Commercial cleaning solutions can be used when cleaning the bathtub as the design and materials allow easy and fast cleaning.

The new tub beds are usually acrylic or from fibreglass. You must avoid using scratchy sponges at any time as these materials are easy to harm. We recommend the use of non-scratching sponge – spray the non-abrasive bathroom cleaner on and on the top inside edge of the bathtub, allow a few minutes to work, then wash with the sponge and rinse well with hot water.
The same effect can be achieved by using any dish washing liquid.
For metal taps, shower heads and hoses, use a discaler, wash with a sponge and rinse well with hot water.

Dry well all the surfaces with a cloth for a perfect shiny finish.
Clean drain from stuck hears regularly to avoid clogging.

How to Clean Mould

It can take as little as a day for mildew spores to start growing after they find a hospitable environment - humid and wet places. The spores themselves are invisible and you won't spot them until their colony isn't grown enough. Mould would grow and live on almost anything, any type of fabric, leather, wood, glass, porcelain, stainless steel, paper, anything. Some types of mould are toxic and, after inhaled or in contact with human skin, are the major cause of allergies, chronic fatigue or even lung disease and other conditions.

Mould fungus is very stubborn and difficult to remove. Sometimes a solution of bleach and hot water helps to clean walls and ceilings. Mix half a cup of bleach with a litre of water, then pour one part of the solution with three parts hot water in a spray bottle and work on the moulded sections. Wipe with a wet clout a few minutes later. Repeat if necessary. Change the fillings in bathrooms after mould appears, it's impossible to clean them as these premises are almost always moist.

Dust Mites

It is proved that dust mites are the major cause of numerous allergies and contribute to the appearance or the worsening of asthma. Dust mites live on the dead skin we shed daily, are invisible and a gram of house dust may contain up to 500 or more of them. Allergies are caused from inhaling or contact with their droppings. Dust mites population thrive in humid environment.

Although it is not possible to completely destroy the dust mites in your home, their appearance could be reduced to a minimum. Regular cleaning and dusting, at least twice a week, is the key to keep the number of dust mites at its lowest. Pay special attention to carpets and rugs; clean up well underneath beds and furniture. Wash linens, blankets, duvets, pillows and their covers frequently in hot water. Keep the humidity in your home as low as possible as dust mites do not survive in dry places. Regular professional carpet cleaning is recommended as well.

How to Clean Chewing Gum

The problem with the chewing gums is that they consist of long molecules and that make them sticky. The contact with the saliva causes a further staining and makes it almost impossible to be removed with conventional methods.

We recommend that you put the damaged item in the freezer until the gum is frail enough to be picked out. If the gum is stack to your carpet or sofa or something that you can't fit in the freezer, then place a bag with ice on it to harden an remove.

How to Clean Oil

The fatty acids in the oil's molecules are irresolvable in water, that is why standard cleaning methods don't work.

If you spill or splash oil on your clothes or carpet, don't attempt clean it with cold water, as it will set a permanent damage on the fabric.
Cover the stain with talcum, corn flour or fine salt, leave for about five to ten minutes, and then remove with a soft brush. Rub on washing-up liquid, leave for a few minutes and wash as usual.

How to Clean Blood

It is really important to use cold or low temperature water when treating blood stains as it stops the protein from coagulating and causing a permanent damage.

For fresh stains, rinse well under running cold water then hand-wash with normal or biological detergent. For old dry marks, drench in cold water, you can use washing soda crystal solution if you wish, then hand-wash. Further machine-wash is required afterward in both cases, at a washing temperature suitable for the fabrics. The same applies for woollen fabrics.

If you don't have a suitable detergent for the carpet, cover the stained area with corn flour and water paste, leave until dry and wipe out with cold water. Repeat if necessary.

How to Clean Red Wine

Red wine contains tannin. Using unsuitable detergent when attempting to clean wine stains will lead to the permanent damage of the fabric.

First, soak the spilled wine with paper towels. Drench with sparkling water - the carbon dioxide bubbles it contains will help to push the stain out. Repeat with tap water and apply a wine removing detergent. Wash as usual at a temperature suitable for the fabric.

The same procedure can be applied on carpets.
Do not use soap, salt or washing liquid, it will ruin the fabric you are trying to clean.

How to Clean Coffee Stains

Coffee contains dark tannins which are enough to spoil any fabric, and if you take milk as well, the proteins in it coagulate from the heat and set into fabrics even at low temperatures.

In this case first rinse the stained garment under running water and immediately machine-wash it with normal or biological powder / liquid. Woollen fabrics require faster care - rinse with cold water then soak in cold or cool solution of washing soda crystals and hand-wash and rinse in cool water. On carpets, use a carpet cleaning detergent, soak up the stains with paper towels and vacuum if necessary.

If the stains are too stubborn, soak again and rub a little glycerine into it, leave for about 30 minutes and hand-wash. Do not use bar soap or salt to remove the coffee stain, you will only ruin the fabric.